21 monuments, to 25 members of the de Grey family
Attached to the 15th Century Church of St John The Baptist
The de Grey family was influential from the 17th-19th centuries. This mausoleum was constructed to house them after their deaths. There are memorials to earlier family members who are not housed there.
The year most commonly listed as when it was built, is 1614, though some sources list the first phase of building as starting in 1605.
The de Greys lived in the nearby Wrest Park, which is also an English Heritage property.
de Grey Mausoleum at English Heritage
de Grey Mausoleum on Pastscape
de Grey Mausoleum on Wikipedia
via Heritage Gateway:
National Heritage List for England: Listing
National Heritage List for England: Scheduling
The Historic Environment Record for Bedfordshire’s information about the Mausoleum
Church of St John The Baptist on Pastscape
The Historic Environment Record for Bedfordshire’s information about the church
The Historic Environment Record for Bedfordshire’s information about railings in the churchyard
As the place is pretty intact, there’s not exactly been a need for extensive archaeological excavations. Pastscape doesn’t have anything in the Investigation History section, though it does have some things listed for the church. Interestingly, one of the things it lists for the church, is an analysis of timbers from the Mausoleum, for dating purposes.
The Scheduling entry on the National Heritage List (linked above) has a bunch of sources linked, and the “Books and journals” section mainly has some relatively recent books listed (the Historical Survey of Wrest Park looks interesting). The last item in that section says something about a gentleman’s magazine in monuments of the Grey family. Looking it up, “The Gentleman’s Magazine” was a long-running journal with many submitted articles, such that the twice-yearly “magazine” had over 600 pages. Hunting on archive.org, I found two copies of Jul-Dec scanned there, which ultimately proved to be the wrong issue. I found one of Jan-Jun, which was the right issue. And most of the article is missing. Pages 393 and 394 (by the digital page count, page 405) are just about blank. The article does seem to continue on to page 395, which is only mostly missing. When the first column returns in its entirety, you can see mentions of the village, Wrest Park, and the Church of St John the Baptist. Fortunately, the entirety of the article is present over at Google Books.
The HER (Beds) information about the Mausoleum lists a couple of events:
*The tree-ring analysis that Pastscape mentioned
*”An archaeological watching brief during the excavation of a French drain around the perimeter of the church of St John the Baptist, Flitton”. This has not been published, but is available at the Archaeology Data Service (which hosts unpublished archaeological documentation).
The HER’s “Other sources” section includes:
*An unpublished document by Northamptonshire Archaeology. Best I can tell, this is the excavation of the French drain that I just linked to.
*An unpublished document from Ordnance Survey. There’s a reference, but I didn’t find anything relevant from searching for that generally, or searching for “Flitton” at the ADS.
*An article in “Proceedings of the Summer Meeting of the Royal Archaeological Institute at Bedford in 1982”. A search for this revealed that it may have been printed in The Archaeological Journal Vol. 139. Both individual article and full publication are available at Taylor & Francis Online, but the price is somewhat prohibitive.
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